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Parent-Trigger Laws: Giving Parents a Voice in the Public School System

by Lauren 21. March 2013 11:59
If your child is stuck in a failing public school system, new parent-trigger laws may force the under-performing school district to make drastic changes. Parent-trigger laws, laws that allow parents to officially request an overhaul at their child’s school, are now being considered in twelve different states. Florida, Georgia, and Oklahoma legislatures are currently reviewing parent-trigger bills. Other states that have these in place already, like Texas, California, and Indiana, are looking at revising their parent-trigger laws. While advocates for the laws believe they help parents make necessary changes for their children’s education, opponents are concerned about the privatization and corporatization of public schools, as well as the disruption it causes for communities.

While there has been concern over parent-trigger laws, California is the only state that has actually put the law in use.  No other schools across the U.S. have been the subject of a parent-trigger bill. Those who support parent-trigger, however, say that the law’s existence alone is a boon to parents.  These laws let parents know they can have a voice in their child’s education. Regardless of income and visibility in the district, all parents will all be able to have a say.

However, parent-trigger could also cause some problems. For instance, if a school is underperforming, will transforming it into a charter school really provide the answer to the problem?  Some charter school operators are just looking for business opportunities and care more about money than they do about education.  Additionally, charter schools could bring more expenses to parents in the long run, where they might be required to foot the bill for their children’s education. While charter schools can often be a positive thing, it seems like turning every government-funded school into a charter school is ignoring the real question: how can we improve public schools?

In Georgia, the parent-trigger bill is close to becoming a reality. This bill allows a majority of parents and teachers in the community to sign a petition in order to change the nature of the underperforming school, most likely to a charter school or other model. Interestingly, the bill highlights the importance of parent and teacher support. If the petition gets support from 60 percent of parents or teachers, two-thirds of district school board members would be required in order to reject the proposed turnaround model. A simple majority of board members, however, could reject a petition from a simple majority of parents or teachers. This idea really seems to keep parents and teachers as the guiding voice of parent-trigger laws.

Comment below! What do you think about parent-trigger laws?

Sequestration to Drastically Impact Education Budget

by Lauren 6. March 2013 14:34
As of March 1, over 2 billion dollars will officially be cut from the national education budget after politicians failed to reach an agreement over the burgeoning deficit.  The sequestration involves a series of automatic budgetary cuts, which will total to about 1.2 trillion dollars over the course of 10 years. The cuts will be split evenly between defense and domestic areas. These cuts are particularly harrowing in light of the need for educational improvement in the U.S. How can the education system improve when budgets are being slashed? Obviously, these massive cuts will result in teacher layoffs, larger class sizes, and delayed purchases of needed technological equipment. Additionally, the cuts are occurring at a particularly hairy time for teachers, since the Common Core State Standards will soon be initiated in classrooms across the U.S. Either way you slice it, these cuts will impact the ways students learn in the classroom.

Although all schools that receive federal funding will be affected, schools in low-income areas will be hit the hardest by the cuts. The sequestration slices Title I spending on low-income students by $725 million. According to eSchoolNews, this will affect nearly 1.2 million students and put nearly 10,000 teachers at risk for their jobs.  Special education spending has also been dramatically cut, and the federal government expects local districts and states to make up for the loss. This will affect 7,200 special education teachers. Sadly, many state and local governments are not in a place to alleviate the educational budget. Ultimately, it seems grossly unjust that schools who need funding the most will be impacted in the worst way. In response to the cuts, Education Secretary Arne Duncan stated, “Doing that to our most vulnerable students is economically foolish and morally indefensible.” Indeed.

While K-12 students will be impacted, college students are also facing roadblocks.  In a recent statement, the Education Department pointed out that nearly 29 million college kids with student loans will be affected by the cuts. Likewise, lenders might have to lay off staff or close their doors entirely. Clearly, the sequestration is bad news for students, educators, and the U.S. education system as a whole. Something needs to be done to combat the cuts and promote responsible spending. Unfortunately, most politicians are playing the blame game, and students will be the ones to suffer in their wake.

In a recent report conducted by the American Association of School Administrators, over 400 administrators from 42 states detailed what the cuts would look like at their school. Administrators said they would have to eliminate between 3.7 and 4.8 teaching positions. Increased class sizes, less spending on educational materials, and a decrease in academic and professional programs were also common responses.

What’s your opinion about the cuts? How do you think they will impact your school? What can politicians do to fix the educational budget? Will politicians be able to agree on educational spending?

Controversy and the Common Core

by Lauren 20. February 2013 11:59
While Common Core seems to be pushing forward full-steam ahead, there could be trouble lurking on the tracks. During the past few weeks, Common Core has been making headlines, but mostly all take a negative view on the new standards. In The Huffington Post, 2010 Teacher of the Year Sarah Brown Wessling questions if the Common Core “demoralizes” teachers. The state of Indiana is working on legislation where they could ensure the standards are no longer taught in their schools. Former Texas Education Commissioner, Robert Scott, has made it his personal mission to speak out against the Common Core. GED students are also being encouraged to complete their degree in 2013, before the test is drastically changed to the Common Core version. So, with all the negative press, it is clear that many educators are concerned about the inability of the standards to meet the needs of students.

For example, in her article, “Does the Common Core Demoralize Teachers?,” Wessling hashes through some of the major concerns surrounding the standards. She lists her concerns as follows: teachers already have too much to worry about, and the standards just add to the pile; the standards were written by people who are clueless about how a real classroom works; the standards ignore the needs of the student as a whole; and the standards take away teachers’ creativity. Wessling acknowledges the legitimacy of these concerns, especially for teachers who work in districts where funds and resources are limited.  Her article, however, takes a different tone when she encourages teachers to not let the Common Core get them down. Although it is bound to cause some issues, she gives some pointers for making the Core work in the classroom.

Other news, however, has been much more severe. Robert Scott, a past Education Commissioner in Texas, (one of the states that did not accept the Common Core), has been speaking against the standards. He believes the standards are not right for Texas, and he has been encouraging other states to follow suit. In fact, he once called the Common Core a “perversion” of what a real education should look like. In a recent testimony in Georgia, Scott said that he was pressured to sign on to the standards before they were even written. He feels the standards are more of a power grab by the national government and that the Common Core lacks transparency, since it was written behind closed doors. You can see his speech on YouTube here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=WcpMIUWbgxY In fact, this entire YouTube channel is dedicated to appealing the Common Core, where individuals hope local government will obtain control over local schools.

Leave a comment below! What do you think about the controversy surrounding the Common Core? Is the Common Core too much of a top-down approach, where the national government dictates what schools must do? Or is it necessary for the national government to have a set of standards that keeps education the same for all students? Would local government be able to better meet the needs of a local school?

Best High School Graduation Rates in 34 Years

by Lauren 23. January 2013 16:56
Approximately 78.2% of public high school students are completing high school in four years, a percentage that hasn’t been this high since 1976. The National Center for Education Statistics revealed yesterday that over 3.1 million high school students graduated in 2010 (which is when the most recent data is available). The center bases their data on the averaged freshman graduation rate, which is an estimate of students who graduate in four years. While this is positive news, there has been much speculation on the underlying reasons for this change.

Although the center does not analyze why graduation rates are up, Education Secretary Arne Duncan made it clear that the economy is the underlying reason.  He stated, “If you drop out of high school, how many good jobs are there out there for you? None.” He also mentioned that 15 to 20 years ago, non-high school graduates could easily find a job, buy a home, and provide for their family. This isn’t the case today. Finding a job is usually highly competitive, and because of the economy, part-time jobs and internships can often be hard for students to find. Thus, more students are recognizing the importance of graduation-and how it can set them on the right track for the rest of their lives.

Other education officials thought the growth was promising but still see obvious room for improvement. For instance, the NCES showed that graduation rates are still lower for many minorities, like American Indian and African-American students. Interestingly, the statistics show that Asian/Pacific Islander students graduate at the highest rate at 93.5%, then Caucasian students at 83%, Hispanic students at 71.4%, American Indian/Alaska Native students at 69.1%, and African-American students at 66.1 percent.  Secretary Duncan was particularly pleased, however, that the graduation rate for Hispanic students has improved. Their rate jumped nearly ten percentage points. Most educators believe that closing these gaps is the key to raising the rate overall.

In the same strain, many states have dramatically different graduation rates. Nevada only has a 57.8% graduation rate, and Washington D.C. students are only at 60%. Vermont, on the other end of the spectrum, has a 91.4% graduation rate, and Wisconsin also has 91%. Additionally, the national drop-out rate is about 3%, with Arizona being the highest state for drop-outs at 8%, and Mississippi following closely behind at 7%.

Why do you think the graduation rate has increased? What can be done to close the graduation gap between minorities? What about the gap between states? Is there a financial link between a state and its graduation rate?

Will Fiction Take a Hit Under the Common Core?

by Lauren 2. January 2013 13:23
Although a new year has started, concerns still surround the controversial Common Core standards. During the last few weeks, several major news outlets, including The Los Angeles Times, NPR, and The Washington Post, have reported on the Common Core’s standards for English, which emphasize a large percentage of nonfiction reading over fiction reading. In fact, younger students are encouraged to divide their reading in half (50% fiction and 50% nonfiction); the reading ratio for high school students is a shocking 30% fiction and 70% nonfiction. Educators are worried this new emphasis on nonfiction and informative writing will eliminate the use of many pieces of great fiction in the classroom. As the editor at The Los Angeles Times so adeptly put it, “This has led to allegations that T.S. Eliot will make way for Environmental Protection Agency reports and that "Great Expectations" will be dumped in favor of, well, lower expectations.” Unfortunately, with these percentages, it seems clear that the Common Core will alter the way fiction is taught in the classroom.

Of course, advocates of the Common Core say that the standards are not intended to eliminate the presence of literature in English classes. Instead, in history, science, and math classes, students will read many nonfiction and informative pieces. The standards focus heavily on primary sources, where students are meant to critically analyze texts. The creators of the standards believe this approach will better prepare students for college, where the majority of the texts college students read and analyze are nonfiction. Although readings of Thoreau’s Walden along with The Gettysburg Address show some hope for nonfiction reading, the 70% percent rule will surely eliminate some of the great classic pieces of English literature from the classroom.

For instance, at the high school level, students are given ten major standards in order to learn about nonfiction. These ten go hand-in-hand with the ten fiction requirements. Surely, as the editor at The Los Angeles Times points out, one piece of nonfiction will not cover all the requirements. To cover them thoroughly, the editor estimated that 40% of English class time will be devoted to nonfiction. In the same strain, since the Common Core tests are only for English and Math, English teachers will have to take on the burden of these changes. If students do not test well, English teachers will be criticized. Similarly, history and science teachers might be less likely to add nonfiction pieces to their class, since frankly, their students will not be tested on it. This means English classes might bear the brunt of the nonfiction changes.

While students who learn to analyze and write about what they read, whether it is nonfiction or fiction, are able to be more successful in college, taking out staple pieces of literature is not the answer. Great literature is universal, it teaches students about the world around them, and it enables them to see the world in a different light. Surely, nonfiction cannot help students grow, develop, and mature in the same way.

What do you think? Should nonfiction be taught more than fiction? What would be the consequences?

For further information be sure to check out this recently published editorial piece in The Los Angeles Times http://www.latimes.com/news/opinion/editorials/la-ed-1227-fiction-20121227,0,5254333.story

Or listen to NPR

More Class Time for Children in Five States

by Lauren 19. December 2012 15:37
In order to keep U.S. education competitive, five states have recently decided to extend classroom hours. As part of a three-year pilot program, certain schools in Colorado, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New York, and Tennessee will all see longer hours, a drastic change that will affect 20,000 students in 40 schools. In fact, starting in 2013, these schools plan on adding over 300 learning hours to the calendar, either by extending the hours of a normal school day or by adding extra days to the calendar. This change stems from the desire of educational leaders, who believe spending more time in the classroom will give students access to information they might not have received before, particularly in more “critical” areas like math and science.

For the past several years, discussions have revolved around the quality (or lack thereof) of the American public school system. Education Secretary Arne Duncan believes American students have fallen immensely behind their counterparts in China and India, who spend much more time in class. Earlier in his career, Duncan mentioned that American schools should be open six or seven days a week and run 11 or 12 months out of the year. It is clear that other educators feel similarly. With the rise of charter schools, new student testing (like the Common Core Standards), and teacher evaluations, it is clear that some educators and parents want reform.

Additionally, education officials also believe that extended school hours are the best way to prepare students for success in the workplace. With extra time, teachers can craft a well-rounded education plan. For instance, instructors can emphasize the importance of art and music and aid students who have fallen behind. Educators also hope students will be able to become intensely familiar with technology by learning specific software programs or receiving training on how to write computer code.

However, these extra hours can be costly. In general, federal, district, and state funds are covering these schools’ extended hours. In Massachusetts, schools are also getting funds from the state’s expanded-learning program, and in Connecticut, a recent education reform law will help provide extra support. Not only is it more costly, but extended hours have also been a major point of contention for teachers. Earlier this year, the teacher’s strike in Chicago was due in part to longer school hours. Eventually, Chicago schools’ hours were extended.  It remains to be seen how teachers’ unions will work with these extended hours. Perhaps, if teachers were paid and valued more, like in many European countries, American schools would not have to worry about extending hours at all.

Is It Worth the Money?

While extending hours is clearly pricy, others question the actual benefits for students. In the high-performing countries of South Korea, Finland, and Japan, students spend much less time in the classroom. These schools often use unique approaches to learning, where quality is emphasized over number of hours.

What do you think about extending hours in the classroom? Will it be more beneficial for students? Will it make the American education system more competitive? What would you change about U.S. schools?

For more information, check out this article about education in Finland, one of the world’s top-performers in educational testing.

Common Core Catches the Attention of Private Schools

by Lauren 10. October 2012 13:43
Even though the Common Core was originally designed for public schools across the nation, it finally looks like its presence has caught the attention of private schools. For the past few years, the Common Core has taken the center stage in educational circles, but most private schools seemed to shy away from the often controversial topic, until now. In fact, more than 100 Catholic schools across the nation have recently decided to implement the Common Core Standards in their classrooms. Likewise, many other religious schools, like the Christian Academy School System in Kentucky and Grand Rapids Christian in Michigan, have also decided to use the Common Core. Thus, with new and growing acceptance across the country, the Common Core Standards have the ability to transform all American classrooms, both public and private.

So, why have many private schools decided to make the change? First off, educators point to outside pressure from public schools. Since public education for math and English is changing, most textbooks will follow these giant shifts. That means most classroom texts will soon adhere to the Common Core, and private schools will be inadvertently forced to comply with its new standards. Some private school educators, on the other hand, have studied the Common Core, and they believe it holds many assets for private schools. For them, the Common Core embodies many of the skills they want their students to obtain, especially by emphasizing depth, critical thinking, and higher levels of understanding.

In addition, private schools also want to stay competitive. The changing public school system forces private schools to stay on the cutting edge of education. Likewise, if private schools use the same educational material as public schools (as they have done in the past), parents will be able to easily compare between the two systems, identifying which option might be best for their child. State testing will also conform to the Common Core, and since private school children are required to take these tests, it might benefit private schools in the long run to follow the Common Core, or at least use some aspects of the new curriculum.

Some schools, particularly Catholic schools, are taking this blended approach.  The Common Core Catholic Identity Initiative was developed to integrate Catholic beliefs, morals, and social teachings into the curriculum of the Common Core. The initiative offers guidelines for private, Catholic schools across the nation. Their unique, blended approach gives Catholic schools the freedom to use the Common Core in the way that they best see fit. Additionally, other private schools have decided to use the Common Core as a guidepost, blending it in with their other material. Either way, it is safe to say that the Common Core will impact all students in some way, whether they attend a public or a private school. Hopefully, private schools will be able to find an approach that works best for them and helps their students perform well on state exams.

What do you think? Should private schools adopt the Common Core Standards? What benefits would there be? What about drawbacks? How do you feel about schools that decide to blend Common Core with their current teachings?

The Cost of Common Core: Should States Go All In?

by Carolyn 31. May 2012 14:53
The Cost of Common Core: Should States Go All In?

Many questions continue to arise during the implementation of the Common Core State Standards. One of the biggest questions states are facing is how much the implementation will cost.

Currently, states are spending an estimated $3.9 billion on tests, materials, and professional development. The Thomas B. Fordham Institute has examined the net costs of three hypothetical transition routes to the new Common Core standards:

The “business as usual” approach is the most expensive, costing $8.3 billion over the next one to three years. This involves buying hardcopy textbooks, giving annual paper-based assessments, and delivering in-person professional development to teachers.

The “balanced” approach, costing $1.2 billion, incorporates online and in-person development, and a variety of materials, some produced by the districts themselves.

Saving states $927 million, the “bare bones” approach includes the use of open-source materials, computer-based assessments, and online professional development.

To put it in perspective, the “business as usual” approach costs students around $135 for textbooks, while the “balanced” approach costs them $35 to $45, with the “bare bones” approach costing $20. Although cheaper approaches are appealing, they come with drawbacks, such as less control over quality and uneven technological access across the student body.

How do teachers feel about traditional versus online tests, materials, and training? Is the traditional route worth the cost? What other educational areas need to be accounted for? Which approach would you support if you were in charge?

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In the Classroom, Less Might Mean More

by Carolyn 17. May 2012 15:34
In recent years, international test scores have shown that the United States has fallen behind other countries’ results. While many contributing factors have been debated, including cost and logistics, the effectiveness of the time students spend in school should perhaps bear the heaviest consideration.

Data from The Center for Public Education shows that most U.S. schools require as much or more instructional time as do other countries. Typically, American students in younger grades receive fewer instructional hours than students in higher grades; this is also the case in high-performing countries like Japan, Korea, and Finland. When the number of required hours increases, however, test scores don’t seem to tag along.

Collectively, the states require between 900 and 1,000 hours of instructional time per year depending on the grade level. According to the OECD, by 8th grade, students will have been required to receive more hours of instruction than students in most industrialized countries. Data shows that countries with less instructional hours, such as Japan (868), Korea (867), and Finland (777), have outperformed U.S. schools, suggesting that increased instructional time does not correlate with increased achievement.

Therefore, maybe it isn’t so much the number of instructional hours that matters, but the quality of instruction. Students should get the most out of their time in the classroom, so the question becomes, “How effectively is classroom time used?”

Are teachers engaging students? Are lessons and activities creative and well-developed? Will assignments advance the learning process rather than overwhelm students? Do supplementary materials actively involve students? Are teachers motivating rather than demanding?

Achieving the goal of increasing test scores in U.S. schools starts in the classroom. It is largely the responsibility of teachers to make material interesting for students and engage them in the learning process. One thousand hours is a lot of time to be used otherwise.

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Another Step Forward for Common Core

by Jonathan 18. April 2012 15:30
This week, the Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium (a state-represented consortia under U.S. Department of Education funding) selected CTB/McGraw-Hill as developers of the first Common Core Assessments test items. These items will eventually be included in the Smarter Balanced assessment system. This system, in turn, will be rolled out for use in the 2014-2015 school year.

This represents another enormous step forward for the Common Core State Standards, which continue to gain steam in a somewhat divided national education landscape (a few states have not yet accepted the new system). A development such as this emphasizes the fact that, for most teachers and students, Common Core is here to stay.

What will these test items be? According to CTB, there will be "a variety of innovative formats, challenging performance elements and rich technological enhancements." Once created, the plan is for states to develop assessments around these items for student testing.

With many districts, schools, and teachers struggling to transition from previous systems to Common Core, this development adds a little more fuel to the fire. What is your school or district doing to facilitate this change? How will you handle the transition? Share your Common Core thoughts with us!

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